Suicide prevention and Two-Spirited people

This report describes how First Nations communities can support two-spirited people by providing safe spaces that include and respect them, by standing up for them, and by speaking out about the discrimination they experience. The term two-spirit is used in this resource because it reflects the importance of First Nations culture as well as sex and gender orientation and diversity.  Suicide rates among two-spirited, gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered First Nations is greater than among heterosexual First Nations.

In 2000, suicide was the leading cause of death among First Nations aged 10 to 44 years, and almost one quarter of all deaths among First Nations youth 10 to 19 years old were due to suicide (Health Canada, 2005). These statistics may underestimate the actual number of suicides because 25 per cent of deaths recorded as being accidental are also thought to be due to suicide (White & Jodoin, 2007).

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Citation:National Aboriginal Health Organization

Published by the National Aboriginal Health Organization, 2012